Find it

Pamukkale springs

A popular health resort in classical times, Hierapolis had baths that could accommodate 1,000 bathers. Nearby are the dazzling travertine terraces at Pamakkule (Cotton Castle) made from the limestone deposits of hot springs.

Hierapolis has the largest necropolis in Anatolia, evidence that the spa attracted the sick and the elderly. The city founded by the Pergamum dynasty in the 2nd century BC was largely destroyed in an earthquake in AD60, and the ruins are principally Roman. On the east side of the agora are the remains of the Martyrium of Philip the Apostle, who was crucified here, upside down.

In 2013 an Italian arechaeolgy team found what they believe to be the Gates of Hell, a vapout-filled cave described by Strabo: “Any animal that passes inside meets instant death. I threw in sparrows and they immediately breathed their last and fell.”

More Reading
Good places to stay
Buy the latest issue
Or, browse the back issues here
Issue 60, January 2020 Istanbul: The Ultimate Museum Guide
£ 12.00

If you like this, don't miss..
Cornucopia Digital Subscription

The Digital Edition

Cornucopia has joined forces with the digital publishing platform Exact Editions to offer individual and institutional subscribers unlimited access to a searchable archive of fascinating back issues and every newly published issue. This brand new resource is available cross-platform on web, iOS and Android and offers a comprehensive search function, allowing the title’s cultural content to be delved into at the touch of a button.

Digital Subscription: £18.99 / $18.99 (1 year)

Subscribe now

Print subscribers automatically receive FREE access to the digital archive. If you are already a subscriber, please register at with your subscriber account number or contact