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In 1983 Fani-Maria Tsigakou of the Benaki Museum in Athens found five volumes of late 18th-century drawings of Ottoman Empire subjects by Thomas Hope. So finely drawn were that they had been mistakenly catalogued as engravings. Hope had travelled to Turkey on his Grand Tour, falling in love with the customs, costumes and artefacts of the Ottoman Empire, influences he took back with him to London. David Watkin assesses Hope’s orientalism and its place in the development of Regency style, and the artist’s depictions of Istanbul
Anyone writing a history of Western visitors to Turkey (writes David Watkin) could not be excused for omitting the name of Thomas Hope (1769–1831). Hope’s lengthy novel Anastasius (3 vols, London, 1819) and the 350 drawings he made on his earlier Grand Tour, constitute one of the fullest and most colourful sets of images of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the 18th century. Published anonymously on the eve of the Greek War of Independence. Anastasius caised a great stir in England and in the American republic, where the Greek cause against the Turks had powerful champions.
Thomas Hope was one of the most unusual and gifted men of taste in early-19th-century England. He was born in Amsterdam in 1769, the same year as the Duke of Wellington and Napoleon. He became a designer, patron and collector as well as an author, and his vanity and eccentricity made him many enemies. The first use to which he put the considerable fortune he inherited from the family bank, Hope & Co, was to undertake the grandest of Grand Tours. He spent the eight years following his 18th birth (1787–95) on a demanding study-tour covering much of Europe and the Near East. He recorded it in a series of about 350 unsigned drawings bound if five folio volumes which can be found today in the Benaki Museum in Athens. They represent a unique record of the architecture, ornament, landscape and costume in Hungary and the Balkans, Turkey and Greece.
THE REDISCOVERY OF THE HOPE DRAWINGS
In September and October 1930 (writes Fani-Maria Tsigakou) there was an exchange of letters between Antonis Benakis, the founder of the Benaki Museum in Athens, and a British auction house, BT Batsford, concering ‘a collection of drawings by Thomas Hope’, In his last letter, dated October 28, Benakis wrote: ‘Much as I am intersted in this lot, I very much regret I cannot, for the time being at least, buy it.’
David Watkin mentioned these volumes of drawings in his study Thomas Hope and the Neo-Classical Idea, published in 1968. They appeared, he recounts, in Christie’s Deepdene Library Catalogue in 1917, as lots 395–397, but were withdrawn after the sale took place. They next turned up in an undated Sale Catalogue (c1930) of 100 Old Rare or Unique Illustrated Books, Collections of Original Drawings, Designs, Engravings, etc… offered for Sale by BT Batsford Ltd… they believe the volumes were sold to the Chicago Art Museum. Enquiry and advertisement in Chicago and elsewhere in America has not so far resulted in the discovery of these drawings.’
In 1977, during a reorganistion of the Benaki Museum’s Library, five folio-sized volumes of about 350 unsigned drawings were discovered, bound in contemporary gilt-tooled Russia leather. Two are inscribed ‘Drawings by T. Hope’; these and a third volume, display the Hope family motto and arms embossed with gilt on both covers… on examining the volumes we realised that their content fully coincided with the description given in the Batsford sale catalogue mentioned by Watkin…
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Vanmour and the Guardis, by Jean Michel Casa. An exhibition at the Fondazione Giorgio Cini, Venice, on Jean-Baptiste Vanmour perhaps the earliest Orientalist painter.
The former embassies of Ottoman Istanbul have more of a consular role today but they still evoke the diplomatic rituals of their nineteenth century heyday. In the first of two articles Patricia Daunt traces the history of these spectacular winter palaces, and Fritz von der Schulenburg assembles a unique photographic record of the treasures they contain.
Long enjoyed for their succulence and their inner beauty, pomegranates have been credited with uplifting properties. Berrin Torolsan presents a selection of recipes using these fascinating jewelled winter fruits
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