- What’s On
Iznik has two claims to historical fame. Its lustrous ceramics, produced in the 15th–17th centuries, which can be seen in many mosques and in the major museums of the world, and, under its former name of Nicaea as the place where an ecumenical council of bishops was first convened by Emperor Constantine I in AD 325 to lay down rules for the Christian church. The 7th council was held here in 787 in Haghia Sofia, later converted to a mosque with the aid Suleiman’s architect Mimar Sinan, and restored in 2007. The city’s museum is in the Seljuk Green Mosque (Yeşil Cami) opposite.
Iznik’s medieval walls are nearly as long as Istanbul’s and give a hint of its historical importance. Lying at the eastern end of 62 km-long Lake Iznik, the town has many visitors and hosts a number of sporting events. It is also the home of Azise Ethem, author of Beyond the Orchard, who writes Village Voices in Cornucopia about life in the Iznik countryside.
In 2014 aerial photography revealed a 4th-century Basilica in the lake, destroyed in a 7th-century earthquake.