Reading list | Austria

Abdülhamid II gave Franz Josef I a summer palace in Istanbul, now the The Austrian Consulate General, and it shows the cordial relations between the two countries. Yet like all near neighbours they have had their battles, notably in the two sieges of Vienna when Austria was part of the Habsburg Empire and Ottoman lands stretched the length of its southern border. But the Ottoman incursions also brought a coffee-house culture for which Vienna has become famous. And Mozart composed Die Entführung aus dem Serail (The abduction in the Seraglio) in Vienna. 

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