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The floor of the Great Mosque of Divriği was once a blaze of colour, covered with legendary carpets. Its ao-called ‘Ancestor’ rugs include perhaps the oldest Islamic carpet to survive in reasonable condition. Following a serious theft in the 1970s, the collection is now housed in Istanbul. Daniel Shaffer explains what makes it unique
Few places are more important in the story of the Turkish knotted-pile carpet (hali) than the Great Mosque of Divriği. Thanks to the charitable tradition of Vakf (pious donation), the mosque served as a remarkable repository, a true treasure house, for some of the most inspirational surviving Anatolian carpets, and for carpets from far beyond.
The Divriği carpets extend across over half a millennium. In addition to Turkish rugs, there are significant pieces from the Caucasus, northwest Iran and Syria. They first came to the attention of connoisseurs in the early 1960s, when they were seen by the patron of Turkish carpet studies, Professor Kurt Erdmann of Istanbul University, and his protégé Şerare Yetkin, who illustrated a handful of them in the 1974 Turkish first edition of her ubiquitous Historical Turkish Carpets (Istanbul 1981).
In 1972 a group that included the eminent US carpet guru Charles Grant Ellis visited Divriği to photograph and anyalyse the carpets. Ellis went on to introduce them to the first International Conference on Oriental carpets (ICOC) in London in 1976, and in 1978 some were shown in black and white in an article by Belkıs Acar (Balpınar) on the Divriği complex.
Soon afterwards the carpets were heard of in very different circumstances, when 24 were stolen from the mosque. Fortunately, all but three were recovered in 1982. For safekeeping they then joined the other Divriği holdings in the care of the Vakıflar Directorate in Istanbul.
Daniel Shaffer is executive editor of Halı Magazine
The two carpets featured in this article were centrepieces of the Icoc Vakıflar Carpet exhibition in Istanbul in 2007.
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The Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği, an imperilled masterpiece of Islamic art in the remote upper Euphrates, is the only single building in Turkey given world heritage status. Cornucopia celebrates this medieval marvel with a 26-page guide to its mad, exuberant architecture through the stunning photographs of Cemal Emden
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