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This is a fascinating subject that has never before been explored in such depth. The Janissaries formed the elite corps of the army and were one of the pillars of the empire. In their prime they were a vital element in the rapid expansion of the state; in the end they were one of the institutions that most evidently marked its decay. The Janissaries were finally destroyed by Mahmud II on July 16, 1826, a ‘final solution’ known as the Auspicious Event, which allowed the sultan to begin a programme of reform in an attempt to save the empire from a fate that eventually overtook it in 1923. The soldiers’ destruction was so complete that not even their tombstones were spared, save for one in a graveyard in Üsküdar, distinguished by a sculptured representation of their curious headdress, a crested cap with a hanging fold behind, known as ‘the sleeve of Hacı Bektaş’.
Goodwin’s book tells of the role the Janissaries played in the life of the Ottoman Empire in its widest scope, in times of both war and peace (which often resembled war if the Janissaries were on the loose). It describes their organisation, the institutions in which they served, the campaigns in which they fought, the ways in which they lived while on the march or raising hell in Istanbul, the outrages they perpetrated in the course of their many mutinies (including the overthrow and assasination of several sultans), the reasons for their decay, and the bloody drama of the Auspicious Event.
This is not so much a history of the Janissaries as ‘an attempt to understand them as human beings – which they were’, acknowledging ‘the Janissaries themselves, the million or two without whom the great architecture of the Ottomans would never have been accomplished’.
During the Turkish quail-hunting season, man’s best friend is the sparrowhawk. Roger Upton describes how these redoubtable birds help to bring home the bacon
The fascination of Istanbul is enough to keep visitors and even the city’s more Westernised residents, from exploring the Asian interior of Central Anatolia, whose local capital, Konya, boasts a million residents and a daunting commitment to Muslim fundamentalism. But a night’s journey by train from Haydarpaşa brings one back to the very dawn of civilisation, and the experience is well worth the not inconsiderable effort of exploring.
The Anastasian and Theodosian walls together protected the city for many years; but now this vast and beautiful network is under attack from within. Cornucopia investigates the dangers that threaten this important cultural icon and its surroundings.
The Çuruksulu Mehmet Pasha Yali once saw diplomatic service as the home of the ambassador Muharrem Nuri Birgi. Beautifully preserved, its restrained exterior and spacious interior evince the classical age of Ottoman style, and its clifftop position provides timeless views
Chris Farrard questions the motives behind William Allan’s famous Slave Market
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